Govt. of India had instituted The Swarnajayanti Fellowships scheme to commemorate India's 50th year of Independence. Under this scheme, a selected number of young scientists, with outstanding proven track record, are provided special assistance and support to enable them to pursue basic research in frontier areas of science and technology. The fellowships are scientist specific, very selective and have close academic monitoring. A fellowship of Rs.25000 per month for 5 years shall be provided to the awardees in addition to the salary drawn from their parent Institution. Scientists selected for the award will be allowed to pursue unfettered research with a freedom and flexibility in terms of expenditure as approved in the research plan. The project should contain innovative research idea having a potential of making significant impact on R&D in the discipline. The support covers all the requirements for performing the research including equipments, consumables, contingencies, national and international travel and other special requirements, if any. The fellowship is open to Indian Nationals having a regular position in a recognized Indian academic/ research organization. The applicant should possess Ph.D in Science/ Engineering/ Medicine and should not be drawing Fellowship from any other Govt. of India Scheme. The fellowship is open to scientists between 30 to 40 yrs of age.